Steps for Successful Wildlife Management
- Published: Wednesday, September 04, 2013
Decide What you Want - You should carefully plant you food plots around the species of wildlife you wish to attract. Study habitat, food and water requirements along with the range the wildlife species covers.
Size of Food plot - Your food plot can be as small as a few feet or pasture size. Many plot plantings are suggested at 1000 square feet. A plot this size can be managed easily by planting annuals either yearly or seasonally. Remember that wildlife species have habitat ranges from a couple of miles to hundreds of acres. This is why it is a good idea to have multiple food plots.
Population, Species & Range of Habitat - These are factors that determine the size of your food plots and the type of seeds you choose. Many species are attracted to the same types of foods and you will attract a variety of animals including aquatic. Tubers, millet, rice and other aquatic plants used in waterfowl plots will also attract nearby wildlife using the water sources.
Keep Wildlife There longer - By adding perennial plantings to your food plots such as permanent grasses, shrubbery, wildflowers, berries, clovers and so forth you will attract wildlife species longer than short term food plots and provide shelter for some species. Also do not discount or destroy all weeds as they provide seed and attract insects for wildlife such as quail, turkey, grouse, and other species.
Mix It Up - Seed mixtures used in food plots should give a range of plant material that bear and mature at different times. Seed types planted individually should produce at varying times to give wildlife a versatile diet. Early spring crops are needed by mothers feeding the young while the summer and fall crops prepare wildlife species for winter. Perennial fall and winter food plots should be planted to help wildlife through the often harsh winter months.